Faris Wald, 15, Santa Fe, NM, won the $25,000 Prize, for his overall mastery of science and engineering as well as for his project, which found a correlation between coronal holes and cyclones. Faris has always been curious about the strength of the sun’s power and its effect on our planet, which prompted him to analyze data related to sunspot and coronal hole events.
This science fair project develops a correlation between yearly solar flare X-ray Irradiation and worldwide yearly tropical cyclone activity; where Accumulated Cyclone Energy, Major Hurricane Days, and Hurricane Days, are graphed in an effort to estimate future year tropical cyclone activity.
Google was accessed to locate and download yearly Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) X-ray 5-minute data which measures solar flare X-ray irradiance in W/m2 at Earth. Similarly Google was also accessed to locate yearly sums of worldwide Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE), Major Hurricane Days (MHDs), and Hurricane Days (HDs).
Nine figures are used to demonstrate that an exponential relationship exists between the slow release of stored electrons in the Inner Van Allen Belt inward over time and a one-year time delay in tropical cyclone activity.