"Don't post anything racist/misogynistic/pornographic, loli images, or any animated GIFs and you should be fine, haha!" The Raytownian
you have got be kidding me...
everyone realizes that life began in Genesis
when Phil Collins replaced Peter Gabriel
you have got be kidding me...
everyone realizes that life began in Genesis
when Phil Collins replaced Peter Gabriel
24/7/365D M T
it is by its very nature, enigmatic and allusive. it is by definition a substance that can neither be described in words nor even in thoughts. it is ineffable. impossible. unthinkable. neither here nor everywhere. the only way to grasp any grain of understanding is to daringly embrace it and fully undergo a trip in a private, quite location. it is by far, one of the most sacred moments a human being can experience in this lifetime. dmt may even be one of the primary reasons a soul reincarnates into a body—to witness the incredible journey of a dmt trip through the limiting lens of a human body.
i recommend breaking through on your first attempt. usually dmt is inhaled from a water pipe. in my case, it was sprinkled on top of a bowl of indica cannabis. this combination is a comfortable way to inhale dmt. you will assign a trip sitter there to take the waterpipe away from you after inhaling 1-3 hits. terrence mckenna states that going 3 hits is for only the truly intrepid. only a pinch of the gold dust will do. you will see it bubble up like a mystical cauldron upon setting heat to it. inhale slowly, deeply, and hold breath for as long as humanly possible, then exhale and immediately lay down, close eyes, and hang on to dear life. every single preconceived notion you've ever had about life, clarity, or reality, this is all coming down. you are about to be literally mind blown.
once breaking through, there is no doubt. the first 1 second you will know. the next 5 seconds, you will be traveling through hyperspace beyond what the notion of speed can even attest to. you are overcome by an overwhelming sense of deja vu. it settles over the scene like theater curtains slowing descending. you encounter a strong sense of coming back home, somewhere once familiar yet so distant. a sense of having already been here—remembering and re-remembering these are strong themes you encounter in this realm. immediately fractals of vector infinity patterns zoom and slide toward you as you're barely hanging on trying to figure out what is racing through your mind. you realize that every abstract shape and shifting plane of color becomes intelligent. they respond to your thoughts, they can move to your moves, they feel what you feel. they are like an echo of our consciousness from future time. they move like two objects held together with a small string. they bounce and roll and stretch and zoom. they move and slide in seductive rhythms, reacting to your inhalations of air or even twitches of the eye. if you hum, they will vibrate and dance for you. they slurp and slither like melting caterpillars and curious centipede. they begin showing you things. gorgeous things, concepts, toys, mechanisms, emotions, disciplines, wonder, bewilderment, disbelief, the end of time, emotion, death, and life. all you hear in the room is an eerily-dead-silent-ballad of humming infinity. you’ve been here before. and it feels all too familiar. an impossibly true paradox indeed.
linear time does not exist in this dimension. time becomes cyclical, or torodial, or spiral. you realize time is accessible from all locations, present, past, future, they’re all the same thing. you experience a colossal amount of information, so much, so much stuff. you're frightened at how much information you are taking in. it seems as if a freight train of information is crashing through your 3rd eye.
all fathomable colors immediately jump to neon-hyper-laser-beams-explosioning-sharp-electric-hyper-holograms. the immense beauty of the abstract landscapes is truly haunting. it will be the most beautiful thing you never even knew could exist. shapes become language, language becomes sky, sky becomes emotion, emotion turns to death, death turns to happiness, happiness turns to understanding, understanding turns to confusion, confusion turns to light, abstract becomes representational, construction becomes deconstructed.
you will see all your past lives, future lives, and concurrent lives. you will see a gigantic cyclone of stuff spinning above your head. look closely and you will notice scenes taking place from every life you’ve ever had or will have. there is so much to take in. you start to realize it may be time to start opening your eyes and return back to the real world. 14 minutes has flown by. a split second before you open your eyes, you tight-rope walk above the extreme of emotions, from the deepest fear, to the highest love, as this is the last test you are given before coming back to the real world that you’ve known since birth. it is as if you have to play each note on the musical scale of emotion one last time before leaving. similar to what the ancient egyptians encountered in the great pyramid when ascending their consciousness inside the sarcophagus. then you open your eyes. your jaw remains dropped in awe but it soon forms into a humble smile as you come back into waking awareness. it seems you have broken through the womb and are greeted back to earth by your chosen sitter. never before in your life could you ever experience what the astronauts must have felt as they returned back from space for the very first time in history.
prepare to have libraries of sacred information pouring through your consciousness faster than the speed of light.
dmt is terrifyingly beautiful—it is the greatest tool that humankind could ever have during these times. it is the solution to creating a whole and peaceful existence. a healing and compassionate entheogen. it can be the answer to all of life’s problems. it is the awakening from the dream of reality.
The age of the Earth was a matter of speculation till very recent times and as such there was divergence of opinions about the antiquity of the Earth. Until recently geology relied extensively on the concept of the relative age of rocks.
It was only with the discovery of radioactivity that a new method giving an approximate age, with comparatively less chances of errors, was found.
The determination of the age of the earth was attempted through two distinct processes?
1. Indirect methods for ascertaining the earth's age, and
2. Radioactive methods for determining the actual age (Direct- method).
1. Indirect Methods
This takes into account the average annual rate of sedimentation and the thickness of all strata deposited during the whole geological history.
Although this method is full of imperfections and variations from place to place, the age of the Cambrian as determined by this and other sophisticated methods closely approach each other.
According to this method, there is an average rate of deposition of 30 cm of sediments in 755 years. As such the beginning of Cambrian sedimentation come to about 510 million years.
(b) Salinity Clock
Joly and Clarke took into account the rate of accumulation of sodium in ocean-water for determining the age of the Earth. The yearly rate of increase in the sodium content (salinity) of sea water per unit volume can be determined from direct observation and the content of sodium per unit volume of ocean water can also be calculated.
Accordingly, the total amount of sodium in the ocean water can also be determined from the total volume of ocean water.
This method has established that the Earth was formed about 100 million years ago. But this method also suffered from a lot of imperfections, for e.g. the rate of supply of sodium to ocean is not uniform throughout the geological history.
(c) Evolutionary Changes of Animals
The evolution of life has proceeded since the first forms of life appeared on earth. As we know, the first formed animals were, unicellular which underwent various phases of the evolutionary processes and multicellular organisms with more complexities came into being. Man is, accordingly, considered to be the most evolved one.
Evidence of the process of evolution, is found in the form of fossils, (preserved parts of animals and impressions of plants and animals). Taking into account the evolutionary developments biologists have estimated the age of the earth to be about 1,000 million years.
(d) Rate of Cooling of the Earth
Kelvin estimated the age of the earth on the basis of his study of the history of codling of the earth. Since temperature increases with depth, Kelvin assumed that the earth began as a molten mass and has been cooling ever since i.e. the earth is progressively losing heat.
Assuming the initial temperature of the earth to be 3900°C, Lord Kelvin estimated the age of the earth to be 100 million years and later on revised it to be between 20 to 400 million years.
This method of estimation is full of imperfections and one of the most important consideration regarding the generation of radio-active heat was not taken into account in this method.
(e) Varved Sediments
The term varve is applied to glacial-lake deposits containting rhythmically laminated sediments of clay and silt. The silt and clay laminae occur alternate with each other in a regular pattern. The couplet of beds is recognized as representing a year, like the annual rings of a tree, and is called a varve.
It is presumed that these so called varved clays accumulated in lakes as a result of thawing of glacier-ice; the fine bands having been deposited in winter and the coarser ones, in summer.
A varve is usually about 10 mm in thickness and occasionally it ranges up to 300 mm. By counting the number of pairs of bands in a given section, the time represented by the section can be ascertained in years. Geologic time ranging from '0' to 10,000 years could be counted on this varve clock.
Apart from the above indirect methods, other attempts for estimating the age of the earth were made on the basis of contraction of the earth's surface due to cooling, by the rate of limestone deposition etc.
Even, on the basis of the concept of separation of the moon from the body of the earth, Charles Darwin estimated the age of the earth to be 57 million years.
2. Radioactive Method
The discovery of radioactivity brought a new and apparently precise concept of measuring the age of the earth. Radioactivity, as we know, consists in the spontaneous disintegration of the nucleus of unstable elements and their transformation into stable isotopes or new elements.
The disintegration is accompanied with the emission of alpha particles (i.e. helium nuclei), beta particles (electrons) and energy in the form of gamma radiation. The basic principle underlying all the radioactive methods is that "a radio-active parent element decays into a stable daughter element at a constant rate".
The radioactive decay is usually expressed in terms of "half life period'. A half-life period is the time required for one half of an original amount of a radioactive element 10 disintegrate.
For geological purposes the unit of time is one year. The relationship between the half life period and the rate of decay has been found out to be as:
T= 0 .693/ where T = half- life period ,X = rate of decay
Usually the 'half life period' is determined and accordingly it is equated to find out the age of the earth.
The following are some of the common methods used for the purpose of determining the age of earth:
(a) Uranium-lead method
Here two isotopes of uranium are used, U238 and U235. The chemical element uranium, a heavy metal of atomic weight 238 spontaneously gives away X-rays and atoms of the helium gas and is ultimately converted into the chemical element-radium of weight 236. This element too continues emitting helium atoms till it is reduced to lead of atomic weight 206.
U238_____> Pb206+ 8He4
The half life of Uranium 238 is 4500 million years. One gram of uranium-238 will produce 1/7600,000,000 gram of stable lead.
Similarly the second isotope U235 undergoes spontaneous disintegration and ultimately gives rise to lead of atomic weight207.
U235--------- > Pb207 + 7He4
The half life of U-235 is 713 million years.
Potassium argon method Potassium, an element present in many minerals and rocks, have three isotopes K3', K40 and K41. Only K40 is radioactive.
The radioactive transformation of K-40 consists in absorbing the electron by the nucleus with the nearest to its electronic shell. Thus, a radiogenic stable isotope of argon with exactly the same atomic weight (Ar40) is
(b) Thorium lead method
Thorium-232 through radioactive disintegration gives rise to lead 208. The half life period, in this case is 13,900 million years.
Th232-------_>Pb208 + 6He4
(c) potassium argon method
Potassium, an element present in many minerals and rocks, have three isotopes K39, K40 and K41. Only K40 is radioactive. The radioactive transformation of k40 consists in absorbing the electron by the nucleus with the nearest to its electronic shell.
Thus, a radiogenic stable isotope of argon with exactly the same atomic weight (Ar 40) is formed. Only 12.4% of K40 through this process is converted to Ar-40. The half life period, here is 11900 million years.
K40 ……..>electron capture………> Ar*40
About 87.6% of K40 through emission of beta particles get converted into Ca40 (calcium-40) with a half life period of 1470 million years. But this method does not find much application in the determination of the age of earth.
It is mainly due to the fact that most common rock forming minerals already contain so much of primary calcium (Ca40) that the comparatively minute amounts of radiogenic Ca-40 cannot be determined.
(d) Rubidium Strontium method
This method is based on the radioactive decay of Rb87 and its transformation in to Sr87. In minerals Rb-atoms are associated with its decay product as well as the common Sr86. Natural rubidium is having two isotopes Rb85 and Rb87. Rb87 is radioactive.
The ratio of Sr87 to Sr86 can be determined with great accuracy so also the ratio of Rb87 to Sr87. It is therefore, this method is more reliable for metamorphic rocks. The half life period is 50,000 million years.
Rb 87……….> Beta particles ………>>> Sr87
(e) Radio Carbon Method
Cosmic rays, at the upper atmosphere, change nitrogen (N-14) to Carbon (C-14), an isotope of carbon 'C12'. Once formed carbon-14 is quickly disseminated through the atmosphere and reacts with oxygen to form C02 which is absorbed by all living matter.
It has been observed that a constant level of this isotope (i.e C-14) is maintained by all living organisms. At death, the organism stops absorbing the carbon-14 and the carbon-14 present in the organism starts decreasing at a constant rate.
The half life period of C-14 is about 5,730 years. Since the half life of radioactive carbon and its present content are known, it is possible to establish the time when the organism died and, therefore, the age of the rock. This method is especially useful for dating relatively recent materials up to 70,000 years.
The best means of estimating the age is provided by the Uranium- lead, Rubidium-strontium and Potassium-argon methods.
On the basis of the data provided by the radioactive methods described above, the age of the earth has been estimated to be of 4500 million years i,e 4.5 billion years.
Fluctuations Show Radioisotope Decay Is Unreliable
Radioactive isotopes are commonly portrayed as providing rock-solid evidence that the earth is billions of years old. Since such isotopes are thought to decay at consistent rates over time, the assumption is that simple measurements can lead to reliable ages. But new discoveries of rate fluctuations continue to challenge the reliability of radioisotope decay rates in general—and thus, the reliability of vast ages seemingly derived from radioisotope dating.
In 2009, New Scientist summarized a discovery at Brookhaven National Laboratories that revealed a statistical correlation between the distance to the sun and fluctuations in the decay rate of a radioactive silicon isotope. The data showed that silicon-32 decayed more slowly in the summer, and then sped up during the winter. A 2010 Stanford University report reflected similar fluctuations in the decay rate of other elements. To see whether or not nearness to the sun somehow affected these radioisotope decay rates, researchers laid a solar proximity plot atop the silicon decay plot, and they showed a close match.
Since that time, investigators have yet to discover a satisfying physical mechanism explaining how the sun might accelerate the decay of radioactive atomic nuclei. For example, although at the time of the Brookhaven and Stanford reports solar neutrinos were implicated, it appears that neutrinos are just too small and too few. The chances seem too slim for enough neutrinos to collide with enough radioactive atoms to have caused the observed fluctuations.
However, a new report on a separate isotope has again correlated radioisotope decay acceleration with nearness to the sun. The investigators locked radioactive radon-222 gas in a lead chamber and compared radioactive readouts taken from both inside and outside the chamber. The experiment was designed to test whether or not changes in radon decay rates are due to atmospheric effects such as gases mixing. The researchers found instead that significant changes were cyclical and corresponded to the relative positions of the earth and the sun.
They wrote, "Combining these observations implies a strong inter-connection between the seasonal and diurnal patterns. This in turn again implies a mutual connection to the rotation of earth around its axis and its rotation around the sun." The radon decay rates accelerated during the daylight hours and during the summer. Other rate fluctuations were irregular and remain mysterious.
I like this paper, it show the misconceptions some have of proper science "rock-solid evidence" that is only found in pseudo-science... and the "new discoveries" which dispute this "evidence" is made by who? Science itself, that's how real science should work. I say should because its done by humans. "yet to discover a satisfying physical mechanism" is another brilliant example of where a pseudo-science like EU is never yet to discover- it already knows regardless of evidence... finally this quote talks of neutrinos which i thought didn't exist? etc.
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