we will explore the lines of evidence that are used to reconstruct this story.
These lines of evidence include:
Distribution in time and space
Evidence by example
The fossil record provides snapshots of the past that, when assembled, illustrate a panorama of evolutionary change over the past four billion years. The picture may be smudged in places and may have bits missing, but fossil evidence clearly shows that life is old and has changed over time.
age is irrelevant, change = adaptation, evolution is not confirmed through fossils and never will be, in rebuttal you could post specific examples but i already know there are none
Fossils or organisms that show the intermediate states between an ancestral form and that of its descendants are referred to as transitional forms. There are numerous examples of transitional forms in the fossil record, providing an abundance of evidence for change over time.
Pakicetus (below left), is described as an early ancestor to modern whales. Although pakicetids were land mammals, it is clear that they are related to whales and dolphins based on a number of specializations of the ear, relating to hearing.
Evolutionary theory predicts that related organisms will share similarities that are derived from common ancestors. Similar characteristics due to relatedness are known as homologies. Homologies can be revealed by comparing the anatomies of different living things, looking at cellular similarities and differences, studying embryological development, and studying vestigial structures within individual organisms.
Each leaf has a very different shape and function, yet all are homologous structures, derived from a common ancestral form.
there is no evidence for this, pure conjecture, things are related not evolving
Evidence by example
Although the history of life is always in the past, there are many ways we can look at present-day organisms, as well as recent history, to better understand what has occurred through deep time. Artificial selection in agriculture or laboratories provides a model for natural selection. Looking at interactions of organisms in ecosystems helps us to understand how populations adapt over time. Experiments demonstrate selection and adaptive advantage.
ATTENTION**adaptation is not speciation, please make a note of it, thanks**ATTENTION